|Health and Safety Web Resources
References to Silica and Silicosis
http://www.riccisand.com/health.html. Crystalline Silica Health Effects, National Industrial Sand Association, Calverton MD 1997. Information on crystalline silica; occupational exposure; silicosis; silica and cancer; exposure limits; workplace safety; workplace dust sampling; engineering, administrative controls and housekeeping; medical surveilance; respiratory protective equipment; hazard communication; smoking; and references.
http://www.who.int/en/. World Health Organization WWW Home Page. The current IARC monograph on crystalline silica can be found at this site at http://www-cie.iarc.fr/htdocs/monographs/vol68/silica.htm.
Health and safety ideas from Mine Safety and Heath Administration. Occupational Illness and Injury Protection Program.
http://www.osha.gov/Training/Silicosis.html. OSHA Outreach Materials for Silicosis - Special Emphasis Programs
http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/silicupd.html. NIOSH warns of silicosis risks in construction - suggests ways to reduce exposures.
Occupational Health Program (OHP) Manual for Exposure to Crystalline Silica in the Industrial Sand Industry, National Industrial Sand Association, Calverton MD, 1997. 301/595-5550 http://www.sand.org.
Industrial Minerals Association - North America http://www.ima-na.org.
http://www.astm.org. ASTM E1132-89 (Reapproved 1993): "Standard Practice for Health Requirements Relating to Occupational Exposure to Quartz Dust," American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM), Phila, PA.
http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/nmam. NIOSH Manual of Analytical Methods (NMAM): information on analyzing dust samples for crystalline silica. Procedures 7500 for crystalline silica by x-ray diffraction.
http://www.ilo.org/public/english/standards/norm/subject/occupational.htm or http://www.ilo.org/ilolex/english/convdisp1.htm. Guidelines for the Use of ILO International Classsification of Radiographs of Pneumoconioses. Occupational Safety and Health (Series 22; rev.), Geneva, International Labor Organization, 1980
http://www.thoracic.org. American Thoracic Society, "Standardization of Spirometry-1994 Update," American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, 1995, Vol 152, pp.1107-1136.
http://www.acgih.org. Threshold Limit Values for Chemical Substances in the Work Environment with Intended Changes for 1994-1995, American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygenists (ACGIH), Cincinnati, OH.
References to Controlling Crystalline Silica Exposures
(NIOSH) publications on silica.
http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/pubs.html NIOSH Publications. Download A Guide to Working Safely with Silica.
http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/consilic.html. Preventing Silicosis and Deaths in Construction Workers--DHHS (NIOSH) Publication No. 96-112. This document lists guidelines for preventing silicosis and for reducing exposure to crystalline silica in the construction industry.
http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/92-107.html. Preventing Silicosis and Deaths from Rock Drilling--DHHS (NIOSH) Publication No. 92-107. This document lists guidelines to prevent silicosis and reduce exposures to crystalline silica in the rock drilling industry.
http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/92-102.html. Preventing Silicosis and Deaths from Sandblasting--DHHS (NIOSH) Publication No. 92-102. This documents lists tips to reducing exposure to crystalline silica in the sandblasting industry.
http://www.ansi.org. American National Standards Institue (ANSI), Practices for Respiratory Protection," ANSI Z88.2-1992, ANSI, 1430 Boradway, New York, NY 10018, (212) 642-4900.
http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/pubs.html. National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), Guide to Industrial Respiratory Protection," NIOSH Publication No. 87-116, NIOSH, 4676 Columbia Parkway, Cincinnati, OH 45226, 800/356-4674.
http://www.ntis.gov National Technical Information Service, Springfield VA (703/487-4650), or http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/critdoc2.html National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH): Criteria for a Recommended Standard - Occupational Exposure to Crystalline Silica, HEW Publication No. (NIOSH) 75-120, NTIS Acquisition No. PB 246-697.
http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/abrasi-1.html. Type CE, Abrasive-Blast, Supplied-Air Respirators. These are guidelines for respirators for abrasive blasting operations.
References to OSHA Hazard Communication
http://www.osha.gov/SLTC/hazardcommunications/index.html. OSHA Regulations (Standards - 29 CFR) - 1910.1200 - Hazard Communication.
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